Information on Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting at the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a type of surgery called revascularization (re-VAS-kyu-lar-i-ZA-shun), used to improve blood flow to the heart in people with severecoronary artery disease (CAD)…more from National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
Bypass Surgery, Coronary Artery at the American Heart Association
This is a type of heart surgery. It's sometimes called CABG ("cabbage"). The surgery reroutes, or "bypasses," blood around clogged arteries to improve blood flow and oxygen to the heart. Read about it at the American Heart Association.
Coronary Artery Bypass Information from the Texas Heart Institute, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital
Bypass surgery is the most common type of heart surgery. More than 260,000 people have successful bypass surgery in the United States each year. Arteries can become clogged over time by the buildup of fatty plaque. Bypass surgery improves the blood flow to the heart with a new route, or "bypass," around a section of clogged or diseased artery. Read more at the Texas Heart Institute, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital.
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery at the National Library of Medicine
If you have coronary artery disease (CAD), the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. If lifestyle changes and medicines don't help, your doctor may recommend coronary artery bypass surgery....more from U.S. National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health.
What To Expect During Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) requires a team of experts. A cardiothoracic surgeon performs the surgery with support from an anesthesiologist, perfusionist (heart-lung machine specialist), other surgeons, and nurses….more from National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
How the Heart works?
Your heart is a muscular organ that acts like a pump to continuously send blood throughout your body…more from National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
Video: Coronary Bypass
Coronary bypass surgery involves replacing a diseased or constricted artery with a vein removed, most commonly, from the leg, where blood supply is plentiful. See the video at the Science Museum of Minnesota.
Video: Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
In the last few years surgeons and medical device companies have developed technology and techniques to perform coronary artery bypass grafting without the heart lung machine, aka "the pump", hence the name "Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting". Off-pump coronary bypass grafting is usually referred to as OPCAB or off-pump CABG. See the video at the University of Southern California Cardiothoracic Surgery video library.
Coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines
Read the guideline at the National Guideline Clearinghouse.
Abstract: Platelet-directed therapies and coronary artery bypass grafting.
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is effective in reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in certain high-risk groups. Despite improvement in surgical technique, hemorrhagic complications are a major concern and are likely to affect perioperative morbidity and mortality, length of stay, and hospital expenditures. The use of platelet-directed therapies in this setting is effective in decreasing ischemic complications, yet these agents simultaneously increase the risk of bleeding...full free text from PubMed.
Abstract: ECG findings in acute left main coronary artery thrombosis.
Acute coronary syndrome due to left main coronary artery (LMCA) thrombosis is a catastrophic event associated with poor prognosis and high in-hospital mortality. Early recognition and emergent revascularization is vital for survival. Unfortunately, the electrocardiographic manifestations of LMCA thrombosis are nonspecific. This report describes the electrocardiogram (ECG) findings in a patient with LMCA thrombosis. A new right bundle branch block (RBBB) pattern, especially when associated with ST elevation in aVR and V1, should raise suspicion of this diagnosis.....See abstract from PubMed.
Abstract: Negative emotions and quality of life six months after cardiac surgery: the dominant role of depression not anxiety symptoms.
The specific syndromal aspects of depression and anxiety have not been explored in relation to changes in health related quality of life (HRQOL) after cardiac surgery. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of general stress, depression and anxiety on HRQOL after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Utilizing a tripartite conceptual model of depression and anxiety, it was hypothesized that general stress symptoms, rather than unique depressive or anxiogenic symptoms, would be associated with lower HRQOL 6 months after CABG surgery. ...Free full text from PubMed.
Abstract: Coronary artery bypass surgery in patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis
Arteriosclerosis is a multisystem disease and the association between carotid and coronary artery disease is well known. The incidence of significant carotid stenosis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) varies from 3% to 22%. Haemodynamically significant carotid disease is present in 2.8% to 7.8% of patients. Depending on symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid disease and degree of stenosis, management of patients with concomitant coronary and carotid stenosis is very difficult...Free full text from PubMed.
Abstract: Evaluation of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting.
Modern techniques for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) are highly successful. Nevertheless, over time, grafts do fail and native coronary artery disease does progress. Follow-up of patients after CABG should focus on secondary prevention, including careful attention to all modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Routine stress testing with or without imaging ...see Abstract from PubMed.
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