Ear Infection — Overview, Symptoms, Treatments, and Other Resources.
Information on Otitis Media at the National Institutes of Health
Otitis media is an ear infection. Three out of four children experience otitis media by the time they are 3 years old. In fact, ear infections are the most common illnesses in babies and young children. Otitis media usually happens when viruses and/or bacteria get inside the ear and cause an infection. It often happens as a result of another illness, such as a cold. Medicines called antibiotics are sometimes given for ear infections. Read more at the National Institutes of Health.
Information on Ear Infection - Middle Ear - at Mayo Clinic
Information on ear infections from MayoClinic.com.
Acute Ear Infections - Causes, Symptoms, Exams and Tests, Treatments, Prognosis at the National Library of Medicine
Ear infections are one of the most common reasons parents take their children to the doctor. While there are different types of ear infections, the most common is called otitis media, which means an inflammation and infection of the middle ear. The middle ear is located just behind the eardrum. The term "acute" refers to a short and painful episode. An ear infection that lasts a long time or comes and goes is called chronic otitis media. Read more at the National Library of Medicine.
Information on ruptured eardrum at MayoClinic.com.
Short course antibiotics for acute otitis media
A short five-day course of antibiotics is as effective as 10 days of treatment for healthy children with uncomplicated middle ear infection (otitis media). Read more at the Cochrane Collaboration.
News: Infant Head-Flattening Linked to Ear Infections
Recommended back-sleeping could have downside, study suggests. View the article at the National Library of Medicine.
Video: Caring for Your Child's Ear Infection
Watch the video at Devos Children's Hospital.
Podcast: Ear Infection: Prevention and Treatment in Children's Earaches
Dr. Christopher Discolo, a pediatric ear, nose and throat specialist at the Medical University of South Carolina, talks about the usual signs of an earache in a child and offers advice for treatment. Listen to the podcast at the Podcast Directory.
Podcast: New Stubborn Ear Infection Resistant to Drugs
Doctors in Rochester, New York have discovered a new strain of bacteria that's causing ear infections in children. They report in the Journal of American Medical Association that this superbug is resistant to every antibiotic approved to treat common infections. Listen to the podcast at the National Public Radio.
Diagnosis and treatment of otitis media in children.
Signs and symptoms of acute otitis media (AOM) are often nonspecific and overlap with those of upper respiratory infections. Clinical diagnosis is especially less reliable in the child under 2 years of age. This contributes to difficulty in accurately diagnosing AOM and in evaluating results of clinical trials. AOM is a disease with a high spontaneous resolution rate (78 to 80% resolve within 7 to 14 days), and routine antibiotic therapy of all children with suspected AOM results in the treatment of many children in whom there may be either modest benefit and/or modest adverse outcomes from antibiotic therapy. View the major recommendations from the National Guideline Clearinghouse.
Free Full Text: A double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial of topical intranasal corticosteroids in 4- to 11-year-old children with persistent bilateral otitis media with effusion in primary care.
Otitis media with effusion (OME), which is often called glue ear, is an increasingly common presentation in primary care and the commonest reason for childhood surgery. A recent National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) review found that there are no proven effective medical treatments. Topical steroids delivered as a nasal spray may be beneficial, are under-researched and may be effective in a primary care setting where the majority of such children are seen. View the free full text at Pubmed.
Free Full Text: Trends in broad-spectrum antibiotic prescribing for children with acute otitis media in the United States, 1998–2004
Background: Overuse of broad-spectrum antibiotics is associated with antibiotic resistance. Acute otitis media (AOM) is responsible for a large proportion of antibiotics prescribed for US children. Conclusion: Prescribing of broad-spectrum antibiotics for acute otitis media has steadily increased from 1998 to 2004. Associations with non-clinical factors suggest potential for improvement in prescribing practice. View the free full text at Pubmed.
Free Full Text: Water Penetration into Middle Ear Through Ventilation Tubes in Children While Swimming
Background: Ventilation tube insertion is a common treatment for children with persistent otitis media with effusion. Parents are concerned about the morbidity of this procedure and the influence of ventilation tubes on daily activities. Permissibility of swimming is a question that is most often asked. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of water penetration through ventilation tubes into the middle ear while swimming in children with ventilation tubes under immediate observation. View the free full text at Pubmed.
Free Full Text: Relationship between pediatric obesity and otitis media with effusion.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between pediatric otitis media with effusion and obesity, as determined by body mass index (BMI) (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) and serum triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) concentrations. CONCLUSION: Childhood obesity may be associated with the occurrence of otitis media with effusion. View the free full text at Pubmed.
Free Full Text: The role of new vaccines in the prevention of otitis media.
Otitis media is one of the most common infectious diseases of infancy; a reduction in its incidence would have a significant economic and social impact. Vaccines may play a role in the prevention of otitis media. This report discusses vaccines against pneumococci and influenza viruses. We reviewed the literature for results of studies examining the role of these vaccines in the prevention of otitis media. View the free full text at Pubmed.
Free Full Text: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in Canadian infants and children younger than five years of age: Recommendations and expected benefits.
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus pneumoniae infection may result in invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), such as bacteremia, meningitis and bacteremic pneumonia, or in non-IPD, such as pneumonia, sinusitis and otitis media. In June 2001, a heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) (Prevnar, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Canada) was approved for use in children in Canada. The objective of the present paper is to review S pneumoniae-induced disease incidence and vaccine recommendations in Canadian infants and children younger than five years of age. View the free full text at Pubmed.
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Anatomy of the Ear
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Surgery to place ear tubes in a child
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