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Migraine — Overview, Symptoms, Treatments, and Other Resources.
Migraine (also known as Chronic Daily Headache)
Comprehensive Guides
Information on Migraines at Johns Hopkins Medicine
Migraines are the most frequent cause of disabling, recurring headaches. Migraines are about three times more common in women than men, and may affect more than 12 percent of the U.S. adult population. Individual migraines are moderate to severe in intensity, often characterized by a throbbing or pounding feeling. Triggers which can make the headaches more likely to occur on any given day include: alcohol, weather changes, lack of sleep, schedule changes, dehydration, hunger, certain foods, strong smells, teeth grinding at night, and menstruation. View more at Johns Hopkins University.

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Information on Migraine - Chronic Headaches at Mayo Clinic
Information on migraines from MayoClinic.com.

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Information on Migraines at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
The pain of a migraine headache is often described as an intense pulsing or throbbing pain in one area of the head. It is often accompanied by extreme sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, and vomiting. Migraine is three times more common in women than in men. Some individuals can predict the onset of a migraine because it is preceded by an "aura," visual disturbances that appear as flashing lights, zig-zag lines or a temporary loss of vision. People with migraine tend to have recurring attacks triggered by a lack of food or sleep, exposure to light, or hormonal irregularities (only in women). Read more at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

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Migraine in children: Essentials at Consumer Reports
What is it? What are the symptoms? How common is it? What will happen? Key points about treatments and more at Consumer reports.

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Fact Sheets, Tutorials, Interactive Tools, and other Interesting Information
Interactive Quiz: Could you recurrent headaches be a migraine?
An interactive migraine symptom checker from FreeMD.com.

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Migraines 101 Quiz
Test your knowledge of migraine triggers and symptoms at the National Institutes of Health.

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Controversies in Headache Medicine: Migraine Prevention Diets
One of the most frustrating things for migraine sufferer is the inconsistency in which different suspected and even proven triggers precipitate an attack. There are many provokers for migraine, such as hormone changes, stress, while some believe specific foods. Read the report from the American Headache Society.

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Migraines: Simple steps to head off the pain
Information on Migraines from MayoClinic.com.

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Common headache types
Information on headaches from MayoClinic.com

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Videos and Podcasts
Podcast Podcast: Migraines 101
A 30 minute webcast discussing the latest scientific information on treatments and possible causes. Download at Blog Talk Radio.

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Podcast Podcast: A holistic approach to the Migraine Syndrome
A 1hr webcast discussing strategies for managing migraines holistically. Listen at Blog Talk Radio.

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Forums & Support Communities


Clinical Practice Guidelines
Treatment of primary headache: patient education. Standards of care for headache diagnosis and treatment.
Primary headaches are far more common than secondary headaches. However, patients often fear a serious underlying cause of their headaches, making it critical to reassure your patients and yourself as to the diagnosis. At times, testing is necessary to establish a diagnosis or rule out underlying disease. View the major recommendations at the National Guideline Clearinghouse.

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Drug treatment of migraine
EFNS guideline on the drug treatment of migraine – report of an EFNS task force. Read the major recommendations at the National Guideline Clearinghouse.

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Pharmacological treatment of migraine headache in children and adolescents
Report of the American Academy of Neurology Quality Standards Subcommittee and the Practice Committee of the Child Neurology Society. View the major recommendations at the National Guideline Clearinghouse.

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Important Articles from Medical Journals
Free Full Text: Migraine and cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between migraine and cardiovascular disease, including stroke, myocardial infarction, and death due to cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSION: Migraine is associated with a twofold increased risk of ischaemic stroke, which is only apparent among people who have migraine with aura. Our results also suggest a higher risk among women and risk was further magnified for people with migraine who were aged less than 45, smokers, and women who used oral contraceptives. We did not find an overall association between any migraine and myocardial infarction or death due to cardiovascular disease. Too few studies are available to reliably evaluate the impact of modifying factors, such as migraine aura, on these associations. View the free full text at Pubmed.

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Free Full Text: The Pharmacological Management Of Migraine, Part 1 Overview and Abortive Therapy
After reviewing this article, readers should be able to: -Describe, in general terms, the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and public health implications associated with migraine. -Identify the comorbidities and risk factors associated with migraine. -Recognize the clinical presentations of migraine. -Identify nonpharmacological treatments used in the management of migraine. -Describe the abortive therapies used in the pharmacological treatment of migraine, including the risks and benefits of these agents. - Understand the etiology and management of medication-overuse headache. View the free full text at Pubmed.

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Free Full Text: The Pharmacological Management Of Migraine, Part 2 Preventative Therapy
After reviewing this article, readers should be able to: - Define preventative (prophylactic) pharmacotherapy and specify when it may be necessary in the treatment of migraine. -List the various preventative pharmacotherapies and their role in migraine management. -Describe the role of the various migraine pharmacotherapies for special populations, including children, pregnant women, and the elderly. -Describe the general pharmacological treatment pathway for the management of migraine. View the free full text at Pubmed.

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Free Full Text: The role of the adipocytokines adiponectin and leptin in migraine.
Although it has long been known that fasting or the consumption of certain foods can trigger headaches, abdominal and total body obesity have only recently been linked to migraine. Several adipocytokines appear to play an integral role in feeding and obesity--and have also been linked to pain. Among these proteins are adiponectin and leptin. The author reviews the regulation of adipose tissue and feeding and provides an in-depth examination of adiponectin and leptin and their association with migraine. View the free full text at Pubmed.

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Free Full Text: The Impact of Migraine and the Effect of Migraine Treatment on Workplace Productivity in the United States and Suggestions for Future Research
Evidence suggests that migraine is associated with decreased productivity. This article describes the results of a systematic literature review of peer-reviewed publications that measured the impact of migraine on workplace productivity in the United States and provides recommendations for future research. View the free full text at Pubmed.

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Free Full Text: The Future of Migraine: Beyond Just Another Pill
The understanding of migraine as potentially a chronic disease offers many challenges and rewards in the future. Today, the focus of care is changing from the event of migraine to the patient with migraine. Treating patients with migraine in the future will place greater emphasis on collaborative partnerships between patients and health care professionals that emphasize education and prevention of disease burden. View the free full text at Pubmed.

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Looking for a Top-Rated Primary Care Physician or Neurologist?
Consumers' Guide to Top Doctors finds the Doctors Rated Best by other Doctors
To find out who the top doctors are around the country, nonprofit Consumers' CHECKBOOK surveyed roughly 340,000 physicians to tell us which specialists they would want to care for a loved one. The Top Doctors database contains the names of over 23,000 doctors who were mentioned most often. Find top-rated doctors in the fifty largest metropolitan areas, in over thirty-five specialties, and more.

Source: Migraine Research Foundation

Consumers' Guide to Top Doctors finds the Doctors Rated Best by other Doctors in over 30 specialties.

Search Top Doctors database of 23,000 top-rated physicians by Doctor's Name

Search Top Doctors database of 23,000 top-rated physicians by Specialty (over 35 different fields included)

Low tyramine headache diet
Source: National Headache Foundation

Consumers' Guide to Hospitals
Which Hospital Should You Choose
(or Avoid)?
"What makes the Consumers' Guide to Hospitals so special? We've got 30 million answers to that question. That's how many hospital records Consumers' CHECKBOOK sifted through to calculate risk-adjusted death rates and adverse-outcome rates, and that's just part of the data used to rate the hospitals. The organization also sent out more than 280,000 questionnaires to physicians in 53 major metropolitan areas in the United States, asking them to rate their local hospitals; checked ratings of the hospitals by surveyed consumers; checked which hospitals were providing recommended tests and procedures for patients with specified medical problems; and more."
AARP The Magazine

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