Angioplasty or Pacemaker Surgery

Group of procedures performed by cardiologists with similar skills–the introduction of a long tube (catheter) through an arm or leg artery without an open operation with removal of a blockage and often includes the introduction of a mesh tube into the arteries in the heart muscle to restore needed blood flow; or the introduction of a long tube (catheter) through an arm or leg artery to repair a diseased valve of the heart or to treat other heart structures (heart septums) without an open operation; or placing a wire into the heart and then connecting it to a power device on the chest wall to assist normal beats in the heart.


Aortic or Lower Extremity Vascular Surgery

Group of procedures performed by surgeons with similar skills–open surgical procedure on the largest artery of the body (aorta), or one of its major branches, to remove blockage or replace the artery with an artificial vessel; or an open surgical procedure to bypass diseased arteries in the leg and restore blood flow; or replacing the diseased largest artery (aorta) of the body with an artificial replacement that is introduced through a tube passed into a leg artery; or treatment of an artery blockage in lower extremity by placement of a long tube into the area of disease and opening the area of blockage without a traditional open operation.


Carotid Endarterectomy or Angioplasty

Group of procedures performed by surgeons with similar skills–carotid endarterectomy–open operation to open or remove a blockage in the neck of major blood vessels (carotid arteries) going to the brain; or group of procedures performed by surgeons or other appropriately trained physicians with similar skills–carotid angioplasty--a procedure where a long tube is placed through a leg artery and is passed up to the neck and the blockage of the major neck vessel (carotid artery) is corrected with a balloon and a mesh tube is placed in the blood vessel to keep it open.


Femur Fracture Repair

Open surgical procedure to repair and stabilize severe fractures of the long bone of the thigh.


Gallbladder Removal Surgery

Group of procedures performed by surgeons with similar skills–removal of the gallbladder either with an open operation or with a scope through the wall of the abdomen;


Gastric/Bariatric (Obesity) Surgery

Gastric Surgery: Group of procedures performed by surgeons with similar skills–an operation to remove a portion or all of the stomach; or complete removal of the entire stomach through a surgical incision; or the surgical removal of a portion of the stomach through a surgical incision; or the removal of a portion or all of the stomach through a scope rather than an open incision; or bariatric (obesity) surgery: group of procedures performed by surgeons with similar skills to remove or bypass portions of the stomach and/or small intestine, either an open surgery, or through a laparoscope that is passed through the abdominal wall where surgery is designed to reduce total food intake and promote weight loss.


Heart Valve or Heart Bypass Surgery

Group of procedures performed by surgeons with similar skills–open heart operation with replacement of a heart valve (aortic or mitral) with a new mechanical or transplanted valve; or heart valve surgically repaired and not replaced; or open heart operation where non-diseased arteries or veins from the patient are used to bypass severely diseased blood vessels in the heart muscle.


Hip or Knee Replacement Surgery

Group of procedures performed by surgeons with similar skills–the surgical removal of a diseased hip joint and replacement with a mechanical joint; or replacement of a portion or all of a previously placed mechanical total hip joint; or the surgical removal of a diseased knee joint and replacement with a mechanical joint; or partial hip replacement; or replacement of a portion or all of a previously placed mechanical total knee joint.


Lung Surgery

Group of procedures performed by surgeons with similar skills–removal of a portion or all of a lung due to underlying disease with either an open chest operation or a procedure done through placement of scopes


Major Bowel Surgery

Group of procedures performed by surgeons with similar skills–removal of a segment of the small intestine or colon through an open incision; or removal of a segment of either large or small intestine with a scope that is passed through the abdominal wall with small incisional sites rather than a large incision.


Prostatectomy/ Cystectomy/ Nephrectomy

Group of procedures performed by surgeons with similar skills–Prostatectomy: removal of the prostate through an abdominal incision; or removal of the prostate gland and surrounding structures with an abdominal incision; or removal of the prostate gland and surrounding structures with a scope instead of an open incision; or removal of the prostate gland and surrounding structures with a scope and assisted by a robotic device; Cystectomy: removal of a portion or all of the urinary bladder and adjacent structures through an open abdominal incision, or removal of a portion of the urinary bladder through a scope; Nephrectomy: Removal of the entire or part of the kidney and adjacent structures with either an open incision, or removal of the entire or part of the kidney through a laparoscope, or removal of the entire or part of the kidney through a scope and assisted by a robotic device.


Spinal Cord Exploration and Spine Fusion Surgery

Group of procedures performed by surgeons with similar skills–an open operation to relieve pressure or potential pressure on the spinal cord or spinal cord nerve roots of the back; or the surgical removal of one or more discs from the spinal column; or removal of a bone segment from the back that may be diseased or is causing pressure on nerves; or open operation to immobilize segments of the spinal column usually done together with removal of diseased spine discs or other bony abnormalities.