To evaluate prices, we conducted a market basket price survey. The market basket consisted of 154 items and included national-brand nonperishables and fresh produce, meat, and dairy products. Our ratings tables indicate how each store’s prices compared to the average prices for national-brand and non-brand (fresh meat, produce, and dairy) items at all the stores we surveyed.

Our ratings tables report price comparison scores, which indicate how the chains and stores stack up. A score of $90 indicates prices were about 10 percent cheaper than the all-store average for the same products; a score of $110 indicates prices were about 10 percent more expensive than average.

Clicking on the name of a chain or store pulls up a detailed ratings page for it. These report a separate price comparison score for only the fresh produce items in our market basket, a score for the fresh meat items, and a score that indicates the effect of substituting the cheapest available brand in each store for about one-sixth of the national-brand items.

Since the market basket includes fresh meat and produce, store-to-store quality differences may account for some price differences. Also, savings might vary depending on such factors as the extent to which shoppers take advantage of specials and coupons.

For our survey, we used available sale prices and assumed shoppers would use club cards at all stores that offered them.

To compare prices at specialty stores, such as Trader Joe’s, with prices at conventional supermarkets, we used a modified survey that compared the prices of their independent store brands against the national-brand products in our market basket. (When comparing prices, we used per-unit pricing—for example, price per ounce.)

We also used a modified survey to compare prices between conventional supermarkets and warehouse stores. Because these outlets stocked so few items in the sizes of our basic market basket, we looked for items of any size, so long as they were the same brands. We then used unit prices (for example, price per pound) to calculate the warehouse stores’ prices for amounts specified in the market basket. After this adjustment, we compared the prices of items at the warehouse stores with prices for the same brands at several other stores. Bear in mind that this is not an “apples-to-apples” comparison; the sizes of the items priced at the warehouse stores were usually larger than the sizes of the items priced at the other stores, so the warehouse stores enjoy an advantage in such a comparison.

Our price survey was conducted from June 13 to 21, 2022.

Our ratings tables also report how area consumers (primarily Checkbook members and previous subscribers) rated stores’ products and service. The survey asked respondents to rate supermarkets “inferior,” “adequate,” or “superior” on various aspects of quality, from “quality of fresh produce” to “convenience of store layout” to “overall quality.” Our ratings tables report for chains and stores that received at least 10 ratings the percentage of customers who rated it “superior” on each question.