How Are Auto Insurance Premiums Calculated?
Last updated November 2023
Unlike the law in most states, California law bars insurers from using credit scores and other secretive info to set their rates. Instead, companies are required to give the greatest weight in determining rates to three factors: how long you’ve been driving, your driving record, and how much you drive each year. Beyond these factors, companies are allowed to use other factors to set their rates (we describe many of them below), but the average weight of secondary factors must not exceed the weight given to the primary factors in the company’s premium calculations.
The Company You Keep
Your choice of insurance company has a huge effect on your premiums. Some companies charge more than double what others do for the same drivers, cars, and coverage.
The accident rate for drivers who have had accidents in the past few years is far higher than it is for people who have had no accidents. Similarly, the accident rate for individuals with two speeding tickets during a three-year period is twice as high as the rate for drivers with no tickets. That’s why your driving record has a big impact on the premiums companies offer you.
Cause an accident or receive a traffic violation in the previous five years and you’ll pay higher auto insurance rates than drivers who haven’t. Although with many companies, a single speeding ticket won’t affect their rates, with others a ticket more than doubles their rates. Accidents can be even more costly than tickets. One at-fault accident in the last three years will typically raise your premiums by 30 to 60 percent.
Most companies consider the driving records of everyone driving your car or cars. Therefore, if you have a perfect driving record but your spouse has had violations or accidents, you may not qualify for the companies’ best rates.
Fortunately, insurance companies don’t hold accidents or tickets against you forever. After three to five years, they cancel penalties for previous accidents and tickets if you’ve been a good little driver.
How Long You Have Been Driving
In California, insurers are not allowed to use age as a factor in setting rates, but they can consider years of driving experience. The longer you have been driving, the lower your premium. This hurts younger drivers as well as older drivers who did not start driving until later in life. Younger drivers should ask about, and take advantage of, any discounts for driver training courses or good grades in school: Companies often give discounts to drivers with a B average or better.
If you have had a lapse in insurance coverage at any time in the past five years—including for non-payment of premium—expect your rates to skyrocket. You’ll also pay higher premiums if an insurer has dropped you recently. Insurers view potential customers who have had insurance lapses as high-risk policyholders, and most will not offer them their lowest rate plans.
Where You Live
Some localities present more chances for accidents or experience a higher incidence of auto theft and vandalism than others. These differences sometimes result in higher auto insurance rates in some parts of the Bay Area than in others.
The Car You Drive
Insurance companies charge more for insurance on vehicles that are relatively expensive to replace and repair, or prone to damage and theft. Some companies charge extra for, or refuse to insure, high-performance cars because their owners may be less responsible than other drivers.
Your insurance premiums may also decrease if your car is equipped with optional safety devices or anti-theft features. But these discounts are usually very small—typically only one to three percent of the total premium.
Some companies love to tout the big discounts you’ll get by signing on with them to insure both your cars and home. Some knock off five percent, 10 percent, or even more from either the auto rate or the homeowners rate; some knock off a percentage from both. But keep in mind that dual-policy discounts are usually offered by companies that charge high prices for coverage. A 15 percent dual-policy discount isn’t really much of a discount if it’s offered by a company that charges twice as much as its competitors.
This dual-policy pricing is undesirable for consumers because it makes shopping more difficult; to find out the exact savings you could realize by switching companies, you have to shop for both types of coverage at once. Click here for our latest comparisons of homeowners insurance companies.